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‘Valkyrie’ starring Tom Cruise

 

 

 

 

En plena Segunda Guerra Mundial, un oficial del ejército nazi se dio cuenta del daño que el dictador alemán, Adolf Hitler, estaba causando. Este hombre se integró a un grupo de conspiradores, los últimos en intentar acabar con la vida del führer. Verdaderos héroes que, dadas las circunstancias en que les tocó vivir, fueron considerados traidores a la patria. Esta es su historia, Valkyrie, que se estrena el día de Navidad, 25 de diciembre.

 


BY RAFER GUZMÁN

In "Valkyrie," the latest Hollywood film to delve into Nazi Germany, the Jews are almost entirely absent. There is a brief mention of the concentration camps, and that’s about it. A moralist might find this an outrage, but a moviegoer, especially one exhausted by grim dramas about the Holocaust, may feel relief.

Based on a true story, "Valkyrie" aims to be a thriller, not an issues movie, and it succeeds. Tom Cruise, sporting an eyepatch and an aristocratic curl in his forelocks, plays Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, an officer who discovers he’s not the only one with thoughts of eliminating Der Führer. With the backing of an expansive web of resisters – from typists to generals – Stauffenberg hatches a plan to take Germany by coup. Step one: Bring a briefcase full of explosives to a meeting with Hitler.

It’s probably no spoiler to say the plan doesn’t work. The fun, if that’s the right word, lies in seeing how tantalizingly close the dominoes come to falling in just the right way.

Thanks to crisp direction from Bryan Singer and a terse, efficient script from Christopher McQuarrie and Nathan Alexander, "Valkyrie" recalls one of Shakespeare’s wonkier plays – say, "Richard II" – as the best-laid plans of high-placed men lead inevitably to disaster. And the impeccable supporting cast, particularly Tom Wilkinson as a careerist general who cleverly hedges his bets, breathes life into numerous small but important roles.

As Stauffenberg, Cruise makes for a good-looking martyr, but it’s the larger story that fascinates. Here is a parallel group of Nazis-within-the-Nazis, operating almost openly while others nervously turn a blind eye. "Valkyrie" includes no sermons about genocide or anti-Semitism; these resisters are concerned with the fate of the Fatherland. In that aspect, they’re underdogs worth rooting for.

 

Valkyrie


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

"The Ride of the Valkyrs" (1909) by John Charles Dollman.

In Norse mythology, a valkyrie (Old Norse valkyrja "chooser of the slain"[1]) is one of a host of female figures that chooses who will win or die in battle. The valkyries bring their chosen who have died bravely in battle to the afterlife hall of the slain, Valhalla, ruled over by the god Odin, where the deceased warriors become Einherjar. There, when the Einherjar are not preparing for the events of Ragnarök, the valkyries look after their tableware and drinks. Valkyries also appear as lovers of human beings and heroes, where they are sometimes described as the daughters of royalty.Etymology

The word valkyrie derives from Old Norse valkyrja (plural valkyrjur), and is composed of two words: the noun valr (referring to the slain on the battlefield) and kjósa (meaning "to choose"). Together, the compound means ‘chooser of the slain’. Old Norse valkyrja is cognate to Old English wælcyrge.[2] Other terms for valkyries include óskmey (Old Norse "wish girl"), appearing in Oddrúnargrátr, and Óðins meyar (Old Norse "Odin’s girls"). Óskmey may be related to the Odinic name Óski (Old Norse, roughly "wish fulfiller"), referring to the fact that Odin receives slain warriors in Valhalla.[3]

 

Las valquirias son dísir, deidades femeninas menores que servían a Odín bajo el comando de Freyja, en la mitología nórdica. Su propósito era elegir a los más heroicos de aquellos caídos en batalla y llevarlos al Valhalla donde se convertían en einherjar. Esto era necesario ya que Odín precisaba guerreros para que luchasen a su lado en la batalla del fin del mundo, el Ragnarök. Su residencia habitual era el Vingólf, situado al lado del Valhalla. Dicho edificio contaba con quinientas cuarenta puertas por donde entraban los héroes caídos para que las guerreras los curasen, deleitasen con su belleza y donde también "sirven hidromiel (o cerveza) y cuidan de la vajilla y las vasijas para beber".1
 

Parece, sin embargo, que no existía una distinción clara entre las valquirias y las nornas. Por ejemplo, Skuld es tanto una valquiria como una norna, y en la Darraðarljóð (líneas 1-52), las valquirias tejen las redes de la guerra. De acuerdo a la Edda prosaica (Gylfaginning 35), "Odín les manda valquirias a todas las batallas. Ellas asignan la muerte a los hombres y gobiernan la victoria. Gunnr y Róta [dos valquirias] y la norna más joven, llamada Skuld, siempre cabalgan para elegir quién deberá morir y para gobernar las matanzas".